Sculpture Explanation and Description

Sculptures are one of the most ancient art forms in the world and have been around for thousands of years. They can be found in a wide variety of materials and can be used for many different purposes.

Throughout history, sculpture has been used to express a wide range of emotions and feelings. Today, sculpture is one of the most popular forms of art in the world.

Sense of Form

Form is one of the seven elements that help an artist create a work of art. It also includes line, shape, texture, value, space, and color.

In sculpture, forms can be geometric or organic. Geometric forms are precise, regular, angular, and mathematically consistent. They include spheres, cubes, pyramids, cones, and cylinders.

They are often based on the human body. Some sculptors also use animal, plant, and abstract forms.

The two most important elements in sculpture are mass and space. The mass of the sculpture is the solid, material, space-occupying bulk that contains all the other components within its surface.

Space enters into the design of sculpture in three ways: it may enclose or move the solid forms; it may relate them to each other across space; and it may define or delineate the spaces within the solid forms. In works by such 20th-century sculptors as Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth, the elements of space and mass are treated as more or less equal partners.

Light and Shadow

As you explore sculpture, pay attention to the relationship between light and shadow. This is a key element in all three-dimensional art forms and helps to make your work visually believable.

For example, if you are drawing the body curve of a Roman marble sculpture or a design element in a designed building, light is crucial to the illusion of form and makes your artwork believable. Without light, it would appear flat and dull.

In sculptural practice, artists like Kumi Yamashita investigate the relationship between light and shadow in her Light & Shadow series. She sculpts with both material and immaterial figures, creating the illusion of form through cast shadows.

As you develop your skills with light and shadow, try translating the different shades of light and dark into black, white and grey paint. This could be a great way to get creative and learn how to manipulate the contrasts of form and shadow to make your paintings more interesting.


Sculpture is the art of transforming ordinary materials into forms that represent something special and meaningful. Sculptors use a variety of materials to create their work, including clay, stone, metal and more.

Classic sculpting techniques typically call for clay, marble, wood or bronze; however, any durable material can be used. Some artists use unconventional materials, such as fabrics or glass.

Another popular type of sculpting is casting, which involves pouring liquid materials such as bronze, rubber and porcelain into molds. The molds are then removed to reveal the sculpture.

Sculptors can also use wax, which is made of vegetable oils and resins. It is used as a modeling material for metal casting, and as an intermediate step for working directly with a soft material such as clay.


Space in sculpture is an important aspect of this art form. It can be used in a variety of ways and it’s important for artists to understand how to use this element in order to create an interesting piece of artwork.

Space is a three-dimensional art element that has length, breadth and depth (or height). It can also be considered as a perspective or distance from the viewer.

Practitioners of the visual arts have explored space in their imaginations using traditional painting media for decades and many are now using digital media toward similar ends. Science fiction magazines and picture essay magazines were once a major outlet for space art, often featuring planets, space ships and dramatic alien landscapes.

There are various styles of space art, including Descriptive Realism and Cosmic Impressionism. Both styles attempt to depict a scientifically accurate visual depiction of alien places in the universe.